Towards a Maritime Security Governance Framework in the Gulf of Guinea

23 May 2024 | by Editorial Board

The significance of the ocean in terms of its economic potential is well established, however, it is plagued with many threats and challenges which call for a proper examination of its management and governance. This paper examines the legal and institutional frameworks at the global, regional, sub-regional, and national levels for governance of the oceans …More

Current Development

25 March 2024 | by Editorial Board

The Adoption of the New Legally Binding Instrument on Marine Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction Pascale RICARD and Samira BEN ALI On 4 March 2023, an agreement was reached on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdictions, marking the end of over 15 years of discussions. …More

Spaceports on Coastal Areas and Spaceflights: Legal Considerations on the Protection of Marine Environment

29 December 2023 | by Editorial Board

Spaceports located on coastal areas can have adverse consequences for the marine environment including acoustic disturbance (e.g. underwater noise) from launch, as well as flight paths passing over these areas affecting marine biodiversity, toxic contaminants and thermal effects from any discharges arising from these activities. Spaceport activities can also affect the displacement of animals and …More

Ensuring the Quality of ISM Audits – The Role and Adequacy of the Legal Framework of Auditing

25 October 2023 | by Editorial Board

Maritime safety and thus ISM (International Safety Management Code) audits are directly or indirectly regulated by a host of regulatory instruments. These regulations set the standards for verification, certification, and auditing mechanisms. Intrinsically, these legal regulations influence, or at least should influence, the quality and effectiveness of this auditing mechanism. The legal regulatory framework of …More

Some Reflections on the EU-Russia Partnership After the 1994 Corfu Agreement, with Specific Reference to Maritime Affairs

12 September 2023 | by Editorial Board

The aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine in 2022 has rewritten the EU-Russia partnership that had developed over the last thirty years. In those thirty years, both the EU and the Russian Federation became maritime powers. This paper offers an analysis of the main dynamics that have brought about the developments of the EU-Russia …More

Turkish Straits: Recent Adjustment of Transit Charges and Safety of Navigation

1 August 2023 | by Editorial Board

The Turkish Straits are one of the most congested and dangerous natural waterways in the world and recent developments have placed additional strain on safety of navigation. Previously, it has been argued that certain steps would improve transit safety and that the expenditure involved in realizing these measures could be financed through a proportional increase …More

Litigation Strategies in the Mediterranean Sea: Analysis of Cases on Search and Rescue Joint Operations before the International Courts

17 May 2023 | by Editorial Board

In this paper, we analyse the phenomenon of designing a litigation strategy. To do this, we study the case of search and rescue operations in the Mediterranean. In particular, we observe how teams of lawyers (supported by foundations and private donations) are trying to challenge EU immigration policies by developing different litigation strategies before the …More

The European Union at the International Seabed Authority: A Question of Competence on the Brink of Deep-Sea Mining

17 March 2023 | by Editorial Board

After years of great uncertainty on the viability of deep-sea mining activities, the International Seabed Authority is currently negotiating the draft regulations on exploitation of mineral resources in the Area. In this context, the EU has recently come up with a Commission proposal for an EU Council decision on the position to be taken on …More

The Superposition of National Legal Regimes in Maritime Disputed Areas

17 October 2022 | by Editorial Board

Superposition of national legal regimes in maritime disputed areas is governed by a set of international rules provided for in Articles 74 and 83 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). According to those articles, and as the international jurisprudence confirmed, not all activities are permissible in those areas, and …More